Paperwork When Buying a Car in New Mexico
To properly transfer ownership after buying a car in New Mexico, you'll need certain documents from the seller.
Use this guide to learn more about the paperwork required by the New Mexico Motor Vehicle Division (MVD) to title and register a vehicle following a purchase.
Paperwork for NM Car Buyers
The paperwork you'll want to gather after you've purchased a vehicle in New Mexico will differ based on whether you bought that vehicle from:
- A New Mexico dealership.
- A private seller.
When you purchase a vehicle at a dealership, the dealership typically provides the MVD with all of the paperwork required for titling and registration.
If for some reason this isn't true for your particular transaction, you'll want to make sure you MINIMALLY receive the:
- Dealer's invoice.
- Manufacturer's Certificate of Origin, for brand new vehicles.
- Previous title, for used or certified pre-owned vehicles.
If you buy a car from a private seller, you'll need to receive certain documents from the seller so you can transfer ownership yourself with the Motor Vehicle Division.
Here's what you'll need:
- The vehicle title completely filled out (odometer statement, signatures, etc.).
- Never agree to purchase a vehicle without having the title in hand. If the seller does not have a title or it is in unusable condition, it is their responsibility to apply for a new one by completing a Duplicate Certificate of Title Application (Form MVD-10901).
- A current emissions certificate, if applicable.
- Only required for residents of Bernalillo County. Visit our guide to New Mexico Vehicle Inspections for details.
- A Bill of Sale (Form MVD-10009).
- Only required if the Assignment of Title is NOT on the back of the current title, though MVD recommends it for all sales.
- Have the seller include the following information when possible:
- The purchase price.
- The sale date.
- The vehicle identification number.
- A description of the vehicle.
DO NOT bring highlighted documents—the MVD will reject them.
NM Vehicle Registration Paperwork
To title and register your vehicle with the New Mexico MVD, provide the following paperwork:
- The appropriate dealer or private sale paperwork listed above.
- A completed Application for Vehicle Title and Registration (Form MVD-10002).
- An Odometer Disclosure Statement (Form MVD-10187).
- This can also be completed on the back of the title OR on the application for registration.
- Insurance documents.
- Lienholder or lease paperwork, if applicable.
- Payment for the titling and registration fees due.
- Fees vary according to the vehicle's weight and model year.
You'll also need to show proper proof of identity and residency along with the vehicle paperwork above. Check out our guide to Car Registration in New Mexico for a full run-down of the process.
DO NOT highlight any of your documents—the MVD will reject them.
Registering Out-of-State Vehicles
In addition to the documents above, you may also need the following paperwork when registering a vehicle previously titled in a state other than New Mexico:
- A Request for Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) or Hull Identification Verification (Form MVD-10705).
- Required for all vehicles brought in from out-of-state. VIN inspections can be completed at your local MVD field office.
- DO NOT highlight your documents—the MVD will reject them.
- The current out-of-state registration.
- Your out-of-state license plates.
Vehicle History Reports
When buying a car, you may find it helpful to confirm what a seller tells you or look into a vehicle's complete history.
A vehicle history report provides detailed information about a car's past, such as accidents, damage, and a mileage estimate.
This information allows you to avoid problem cars, such as flood damaged vehicles or those involved in multiple accidents, which can continue to have problems even if they've been repaired.
Bill of Sake - MVD-10009
Use the MVD's bill of sale as a proof of purchase when transferring ownership of a vehicle or vessel in New Mexico.
Vehicle Title and Registration Application - MVD-10002
Apply for a new, duplicate, OR transferred New Mexico vehicle title AND/OR registration with the Motor Vehicle Division.
Duplicate Certificate of Title Application - MVD-10901
Apply for a replacement New Mexico vehicle title with the Motor Vehicle Division
Odometer Disclosure Statement - MVD-10187
The Motor Vehicle Division requires this form be used to disclose the mileage on a vehicle that's being sold.
Request for Vehicle or Hull Identification Number Verification - MVD-10705
Request that the Motor Vehicle Division verify the identification number on a vehicle or vessel if a security bond OR lien is being placed on the title OR if the number on the vehicle/vessel doesn't match the number on the title.