An Introduction to CDL Training
Although attending commercial driver's license (CDL) training isn't required, obtaining your CDL without this training can be extremely difficult.
Not only will commercial driver training help you pass the written and road examinations, it'll also provide you with the knowledge and skills you need to have a successful career as a commercial driver.
Below is some of the basic information you need to know about CDL training.
What Is CDL Training?
Commercial driver training teaches prospective students the basic knowledge and skills needed to obtain a class A, B, or C commercial driver's license. While the exact format of each school will differ, you can expect most accredited schools to consist of:
- Classroom instruction.
- This includes:
- Learning the rules of the road.
- Driver requirements and procedures.
- State and federal requirements of commercial drivers.
- Laws and other information needed to pass the written portion of your CDL examination.
- This includes:
- Hands-on training.
- Most schools have certified instructors that will teach you operation of the vehicle for the class of CDL you will be testing for.
- Training will prepare you for the inspection and road examinations to obtain your CDL license.
Who Needs Commercial Driver Training?
Whether or not you need a CDL depends on the size of the commercial vehicle you intend to operate. Smaller vehicles not defined by class A, B, and C definitions may not require a CDL. Check out our page on CDL classifications for details that may help you.
A few of the common vehicles that you will learn how to operate in CDL training include:
- Charter buses.
- City buses.
- Includes single, double, and triple trailers.
- Large freight trucks.
- Vehicles carrying hazardous materials.
- Delivery trucks.
- Large construction vehicles.
- Waste management vehicles.
Some of the vehicles that may not require a CDL in order to operate (depending on your state of residence and/or employment) include:
- Farm equipment.
- Includes vehicles used to transport goods to and from farms.
- Firefighting vehicles.
- Military vehicles.
- Large recreational vehicles (RVs).
CDL Training Curriculum
While reading your state's commercial driver's license manual and taking driver's education courses might help you with some of the questions on the written CDL examination, there's a lot more you'll need to learn in order to operate a commercial vehicle safely.
A few of the key skills you'll learn by attending CDL training include:
- Commercial driving rules and regulations.
- Identification of road signs.
- Vehicle operation skills, including:
- Emergency protocols.
- Handling adverse weather conditions.
- Altering driving habits with heavier weight loads.
- Basic driving skills for commercial vehicles, such as:
- Backing up.
- Passing procedures.
- Road driving.
- Coupling and uncoupling trailers.
- Pre- and post-trip inspections.
- Reading maps.
- Use of trip-planning logbooks.
- Delivery tracking.
In addition to CDL training, you may also benefit by preparing for the written exam with an online CDL practice test.
Choosing a Commercial Driving School
Not all CDL training is equal. In order to make an educated decision and find the best school for you, you'll need to take several factors into consideration:
- How long the school has been accredited.
- Do plenty of research for every school you're considering.
- To check to reputation of a school, check for ratings and other information on the Better Business Bureau's website.
- The school's pass/failure rate.
- Job placement programs offered.
- NOTE: While many (if not most!) truck driving schools are exemplary educational businesses, there are some schools that claim to offer free training programs. Be wary of such offers, especially if you are asked to include credit card information in order to sign up. It could be a scam.
- Training from certified, licensed CDL instructors.
- oIncluding hands-on and in-class training sessions.