Specially Constructed Vehicles & Titles
What Is a Specially Constructed Vehicle?
Any vehicle that is built for private use from various parts of different makes and models, and has not been constructed by a licensed manufacturer, is considered to be a specially constructed vehicle. Typically, a specially constructed vehicle does not resemble any make or model vehicle of the past or present and uses a combination of new, used, and homemade parts.
As outlined by most state DMVs, any vehicle that qualifies as a specially constructed vehicle must be issued a specially constructed vehicle title.
Examples of Specially Constructed Vehicles
Also referred to as a homemade vehicle, a few examples of specially constructed vehicles include:
- A vehicle assembled from parts of multiple vehicles not of the same make or model.
- Using the chassis from a Chevy vehicle and the body of a Dodge would qualify.
- Building a vehicle using various vehicle kits.
- A car that's built using the chassis from a Ford and an after market fiberglass kit for the body would qualify.
- A motorcycle constructed from various parts.
- Even if all the parts used are from a Honda motorcycle, it will need a specially constructed vehicle title because the vehicle was not assembled by the original manufacturer.
- Glider kits.
- Used to reconstruct diesel vehicles by replacing the frame, front axle, and body with parts not supplied by the original manufacturer.
- Homemade trailers.
Applying for a Specially Constructed Vehicle Title
Each state has its own requirements that will determine how you'll need to apply for a specially constructed vehicle title. Though the steps below are similar to what you'll need to do in most cases, it is a general guide that may vary according to your state.
Step 1: Complete the required forms.
The forms you'll need to complete and submit vary by state. In most cases, you'll need the following (or similar forms) from your local DMV:
- Application for vehicle identification number (VIN).
- Applications for title and registration.
Contact your local DMV to find out which specific forms they require.
Step 2: Provide proof of address.
To show proof of address, the following documents are usually acceptable:
- An employer-issued payroll stub.
- A W-2 form.
- A current monthly bank statement.
- Utility bill.
- A voter registration card.
- A driver's license.
- A deed or mortgage.
Step 3: Submit ownership documents.
You will most likely be required to submit a bill of sale or ownership documents for each of the following parts:
- Engine and drive train.
- Any cab/glider kits.
For motorcycles, proof of ownership must also be shown for the transmission and front-end assembly in addition to the requirements above.
If the vehicle was previously salvaged, proof of the salvaged title must be shown.
Step 4: Get a notary.
- Depending on your state, you may be required to provide a statement detailing how the vehicle was constructed and have it signed by a notary.
- Provide pictures of the vehicle after it has been completed.
- Most states require pictures of the front and rear of the vehicle as a minimum, though some may require more.
Step 5: Pay the fees.
The cost of fees will vary according to state. In most cases, expect to pay fees for the:
- VIN plate.
- Vehicle inspection.
- Inspections are normally required to ensure the vehicle is in safe working order.
- Emissions fees may also apply in some states.
- Motor vehicle sales tax.
Step 6: Submit your documents.
After you've completed the steps mentioned above, bring or mail all documents and fees to your local DMV.