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  • Drivers Permits in Ohio

    Ohio Driver’s Permits

    In Ohio, the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) requires all new drivers to first obtain a learner’s permit, called a Temporary Instruction Permit Identification Card (TIPIC), before being eligible for a driver’s license.

    With your learner’s permit, you can begin practicing driving while supervised, and complete a driver’s education course.

    This page outlines the steps you need to take to get your Ohio learner’s permit and what you need to do to move on to your full driver’s license.

    New to Ohio?

    If you have recently moved to Ohio, you can convert your valid out-of-state driver’s permit to an Ohio permit.

    Visit your local OH BMV office with your permit and:

    • Pass the vision exam.
    • Pass the written permit test.
    • Pay the $22 fee.

    Ohio Learner’s Permit Requirements

    In order to get your Ohio learner’s permit, or TIPIC, you’ll need to be at least 15 1/2 years old. Visit an OH BMV office and:

    • Show documents proving your:
      • Full legal name and date of birth (e.g. U.S. birth certificate, certified copy of a court order).
      • Social Security number (e.g. Social Security card, printout issued by the Social Security Administration).
      • Legal U.S. presence (e.g. U.S. birth certificate, valid U.S. passport/passport card).
      • Ohio residency (e.g. insurance policy, bank statement).
    • Pass the vision exam.
    • Pass the written permit test.
    • Complete the medical packet, if you have any relevant medical conditions.
    • Pay the $22 fee.

    If you are under 18 years old, your parent, legal guardian, person with legal custody, or a responsible person who is willing to assume the legal obligations must accompany you. This person must also provide proof of his identification.

    While you have your TIPIC, you can begin Driver’s Ed. If you are under 18 years old, you MUST complete Driver’s Ed in order to graduate to an intermediate driver’s license (and eventually your full driver’s license). See “Driver’s Education Requirements” below.

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    Taking the Written Permit Test

    The Ohio written exam consists of two sections:

    • Motor vehicle regulations.
    • Traffic signs.

    Each section has 20 questions (multiple choice) and you must answer 15 questions in each section correctly to pass.

    The permit test will cover information including:

    • Rules of the road.
    • Traffic signs and what they mean.
    • Motor vehicle laws.
    • Highway warnings.

    The Ohio BMV offers a sample practice test on their website.

    Permit Driving Restrictions

    While you have your TIPIC, you must follow certain driving restrictions depending on your age:

    • 15 1/2 years old: You are only allowed to drive when accompanied by a licensed parent, guardian, or certified driving instructor who is seated next to you.
    • 16 years old: You may only drive with a valid licensed driver who is 21 years old or older.
    • Under 18 years old: You cannot drive between 12 a.m. and 5 a.m., unless your licensed parent or legal guardian/custodian supervises you.

    Ohio Driver’s Ed Requirements

    Once you have your temporary learner's permit identification card, it’s time to complete an approved Driver’s Ed course that consists of:

    • 24 hours of classroom instruction.
    • 8 hours of driving with a certified instructor.

    This course can be taken at a high school, from a licensed driver training school, or be provided by the military. For more information, please refer to our Driver’s Ed in Ohio page.

    Behind-the-Wheel Driving Requirements

    If you’re under 18 years old and have your Ohio learner’s permit, in addition to completing Driver’s Ed, you’re also required to complete 50 hours of supervised driving practice (including 10 hours at night).

    These hours must be certified by your parent or legal guardian, and you must submit a completed Fifty Hour Affidavit (Form BMV 5791) when you apply for your intermediate driver’s license.

    Next Step: Getting Your Probationary Driver's License

    You can apply for your probationary driver’s license once you have:

    • Held your learner’s permit for at least 6 months.
    • Successfully completed a Driver’s Ed course, if you’re younger than 18 years old.
    • Completed your supervised driving practice (see “Behind-the-Wheel Driving Requirements” above).

    For more information, please refer to our Applying for a New License (Teen Drivers) in Ohio page.