Special Vehicles in MarylandPage Overview
Maryland requires that off-road vehicles such as ATVs and snowmobiles, as well as vehicles such as mopeds and scooters, are titled and have a decal.
If you purchase from a dealer on or after this date, in most cases the dealership will handle the titling and issue you an off-road vehicle (ORV) decal. Otherwise, if you purchase from a private party you must title the vehicle at a title service office.
Bring with you:
- Proof of ownership. This may include the original Certificate of Origin (if purchased new) or the vehicle's title (if purchased used). If you buy a used vehicle without a title, you must present the previous owner's Certificate of Origin and a bill of sale. If you cannot produce proof of ownership, submit a completed Affidavit of Ownership Moped, Motor Scooter & Off-Road Vehicle (Form VR-450).
- A completed Application for Certificate of Title (Form VR-005).
- A competed Application for Title Decal for Motor Scooters, Mopeds, ATV’s, Off-Road Motorcycles and Snowmobiles VR-450).
- Proof of purchase. If the vehicle was purchased from an out-of-state dealer, you'll need to provide a bill of sale. If it was purchased from a private party, show a bill of sale (only if there's no room on the title to include the purchase price) that includes the signatures of the buyer(s) and seller(s), the vehicle's make, identification number and purchase price. A notarized bill of sale will be required if any of the following conditions apply:
- The vehicle is 7 years old.
- The purchase price is at least $500 below the vehicle's book value.
- You, the new owner, want to base the excise tax calculation on the purchase price rather than the book value.
- A completed odometer disclosure statement.
- Lien information, if applicable.
- Lien release information, if applicable.
- Payment for excise tax, the $5 decal fee.
RVs and Motor Homes follow the same titling procedures as regular vehicles. To find out more, visit our resource page on RV and Motorhome Registration.
If you're looking to tour the scenic beauty of the Maryland landscape with trailer in tow, you may have to register and title it before you can make way. MVA has various requirements for different kinds of trailers.
Office Trailers and Mobile Homes
If your office trailer or mobile home doesn't exceed 35 feet in length, you may be exempt from Maryland registration laws.
However, you can title the trailer if you'd like. Currently, all you need to pay is the state retail sales tax.
If you're handy enough to make your own trailer, you can register and title it with Application for Certificate of Title (Form VR-005). You will have to provide photos of the trailer from the side and from the rear. If MVA approves your application, you'll receive a vehicle identification number (VIN) for the trailer.
Boat, Camping, Tent, or Travel Trailers
These types of trailers are golden tickets to the wonderful world of camping. You must obtain a title for them by submitting an Application for Certificate of Title (Form VR-005) with all required documents listed on the form.
Registration isn't necessary, but if you'd like to do so, you'll have to get your trailer safety inspected before MVA will process your request.
Freight and Semi-Freight Trailers
These hefty trailers may be bigger, but this doesn't make them exempt from titling requirements. In addition to submitting a Application for Certificate of Title (Form VR-005), you'll have to provide proof that the trailer meets motor vehicle liability insurance.
If you're not sure if your trailer meets minimum requirements, call a Maryland approved insurance company to double check.
Mopeds and scooters are generally required to have a title and ORV decal, just like off-road vehicles. See "Titling for ATVs, Off-Road Motorcycles, and Snowmobiles" above for more information.
To help determine your vehicle's classification, the state defines mopeds and scooters:
- A moped is a vehicle with:
- A motor AND bicycle pedals for propulsion.
- 2 to 3 wheels.
- 1 wheel must have a diameter over 14 inches.
- An engine size of up to 50 cc (for gas-powered engines) AND no more than 1.5 HP.
- A motor scooter must have:
- A seat.
- A chassis that you can pass through.
- 2 wheels.
- 1 wheel must be have a diameter of at least 10 inches.
- A motor with no more than 2.7 HP OR size of up to 50 cc if it has a gas-powered engine.
- An automatic transmission.
NOTE: Scooters that exceed power and engine size limits are registered as motorcycles.Other Topics in This Section